Coronavirus impact – Enfield
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious respiratory disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China.
As of the 11th September, there have been 28.1 million cases worldwide.
The COVID-19 pandemic has substantially impacted Enfield residents and the wider health and care support systems in place to support vulnerable individuals. This JSNA profile aims to provide robust evidence regarding the effects of COVID-19 in Enfield and to help navigate the health and wellbeing needs of residents.
- The first case of COVID-19 recorded in Enfield was on the 6th March 2020, a little over a month after the first two cases were confirmed in the UK on January 31st.
- In Enfield, peak incidence in wave one of the COVID-19 pandemic was reached in mid-April with 37 cases being lab-confirmed on a given day. In wave two, with increased testing within the community this value was first exceeded on the 8th October with 75 lab-confirmed.
- COVID-19 cases in Enfield were predominantly localised in the more deprived wards of Enfield; Upper Edmonton had the highest number of total recorded cases followed by Edmonton Green and Haselbury.
- The peak number of COVID-19 deaths in Enfield was reached in the week ending on the 10th of April 2020 whereby a total of 88 deaths recorded in one week.
- The peak number of excess deaths was also in the week ending 10th April 2020, when 140 excess deaths were recorded in excess to the average deaths in the same week in previous years (2014-2018).
- This shows that 51 excess deaths in this period were not due to COVID. This is aligned with national figures where on a UK level at the peak of excess deaths, excluding COVID-19 related mortality, deaths had increased to 17.5% above the weekly average.
- This is due to undiagnosed COVID, a delay in care for other conditions, reduced hospital capacity, stress related causes, alcohol related causes and changes to the length of time taken to register deaths.
- COVID-19 is particularly dangerous to those with pre-existing conditions. The most common pre-existing condition in England and Wales was Dementia and Alzheimer disease, 20.4% of all deaths involving COVID-19. Ischaemic heart diseases is the second most common main pre-existing condition across all ages and sexes in England and Wales, with 10.8% of all deaths involving COVID-19.
Disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on Black Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) groups
- Local analysis carried out by the Enfield Public Health Intelligence team and national analysis carried out by Public Health England provides evidence that BAME individuals are at increased risk of death from COVID-19.
- In Enfield, a high proportion of people who died from COVID-19 between mid-March to early May 2020 were born in Turkey, Greece or Cyprus Asian (South Asian, East Asian) and African-Caribbean countries.
- There is an urgent need to take action to reduce the risk of death due to COVID-19 for BAME groups and better understand why some ethnic groups experience greater risk.
In order to prevent the spread of coronavirus within the Borough, residents are advised to adhere to social distancing rules, wash hands frequently and thoroughly, and to wear a face covering.
If you are exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19 or have been in close contact with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19 you are advised to self isolate for at least 10 days and to get a test as soon as possible. For more information including financial support for those isolating please visit the NHS website.
Interactive Profile (JSNA)
For more detailed intelligence and data on COVID-19 cases, 111/999 calls related to COVID-19 symptoms, shielding residents, COVID-related deaths and vaccination volunteers in Enfield, click the profile below.
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COVID-19 testing information
Who can get tested?
- Anyone with COVID-19 symptoms can get a test – common symptoms include: a high temperature, a new persistent cough, fatigue, shortness of breath or breathing difficulties, and loss of smell and taste.
- You can get a test for someone you live with if they have these symptoms. Do not get tests for people you live with who do not have these symptoms.
When to ask for the test
You need to have the test in the first 5 days of having symptoms. It’s best to ask for the test in the first 3 days, as it may take a day or two to arrange. Please help the NHS and only ask for a test if you or someone you live with has symptoms now.
How to arrange a test
You can apply for a test on the GOV.UK website. They will ask you:
- how you want to get the test – you may be able to choose between driving to a regional testing site or getting a home test kit
- for details such as your name, mobile phone number and address.
Where are the testing sites in Enfield?
- The Enfield council website has a list of the COVID-19 testing site locations in Enfield and further guidance on when and how testing is conducted at each site.
NHS COVID-19 Latest NHS information and advice about coronavirus
GOV.UK Coronavirus dashboard COVID-19 related data, available at a local and national level
Local Links & Services
Barnet, Enfield and Haringey Local COVID-19 resources overview
My Life Enfield COVID-19 Information and guidance on COVID-19 for residents
London Stop Smoking page Help to stop smoking to decrease risk associated with COVID-19 and smoking