If you rent rooms or flats within a property to at least three tenants who form more than one household, then it’s likely to be a House in Multiple Occupation (HMO).
A basement counts as a storey if:
Any loft counts as a storey if:
A mezzanine floor counts as a storey if:
A mezzanine floor won’t be counted as a storey if it is only used as access between two floors.
A household can be:
For further information about HMO standards, email the team or contact Housing Enforcement on 020 8379 1000.
It’s a legal requirement under the Housing Act for certain HMOs to have a licence. From 1 April 2017, we charge £130 per let within a property. Either the owner or the manager should make the application.
Applicants must be considered to be a fit and proper person. A fit and proper person is someone who hasn’t committed fraud, violence, drug offences, or sexual offences. There must also be no evidence against them of unlawful discrimination in business, violating housing law or breaching codes of practice. Spouses or close associates of proposed licence holders should also not have committed any of these offences.
An HMO requires a mandatory licence if:
Some HMOs which fall outside of the above definitions don’t require a licence. However, they need to comply with the relevant legislation. This includes providing amenities appropriate for the number of residents. As a general rule, this is one bathroom and kitchen for every five people.
Fire detection and a protected escape route are also required. We work jointly with the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority (LF&EPA) to identify fire hazards in HMOs and share information. We educate landlords, agents and owners on how to comply with Local Authorities Coordinators of Regulatory Services (LACORS). When necessary, we will carry out a joint inspection with the LF&EPA.
To apply, fill in our HMO application form (PDF) and mail it to:
Private Sector Housing Standards
PO Box 57
We aim to process licence applications within 42 days of receipt of a valid application.
A valid application must include a completed application form, all relevant certificates and the correct licensing fee. We will carry out relevant checks and an inspection of the property.
The decision will then be made whether to grant or refuse a licence.
The length of the application process may vary depending on the circumstances of each property or the number of applications we have received. As long as a landlord has submitted an application, the HMO can continue to operate legally until we reach a decision and any appeals against that decision are completed.
If a licence is refused and you want to appeal against it, you can contact the Residential Property Tribunal Service within 28 days on 020 7446 7700 or visit the Residential Property Tribunal website.
You can view the restricted register by visiting HMO License Register.
We can send you a copy of the full version of the register for a fee of £112, or you can view it for free by visiting our main offices during the opening hours. If you wish to request a copy or make an appointment to view the register, email the team.
You will need to send us a valid application at least one month before expiry of the current licence, to allow time for checks to be made and an inspection to be carried out.
Private Sector Housing Standards
PO Box 57
You can make changes to an existing licence, such as a change of:
For further advice, email the team.
HMOs are inspected for disrepair, inadequate facilities, fire safety, general mismanagement and overcrowding. and to ensure they meet minimum standards. We use Housing Health and Safety Ratings System (HHSRS) to identify and rate hazards that are found. This is to ensure properties in Enfield are safe to live in.
We work closely with landlords and agents to improve conditions. If we have to take enforcement action, the following charges will apply:
Section 49 & 50 of Housing Act 2004 gives us the power to make a charge to recover certain reasonable expenses incurred in serving formal notices. A charge will normally be made where it has been necessary to take one of these enforcement actions:
If we decide to take formal action to deal with hazards, the following standard fees may apply:
|Hazard awareness notice (if subsequent notice is required||£178|
|Emergency prohibition order||£357|
|Emergency remedial action||£357|
|Review of suspended improvement notice||£204|
|Review of suspended prohibition order||£204|
|Charge for any subsequent notice served at the same time for the same property||£153|
The regulations impose duties on managers of HMOs for the repair, maintenance, cleanliness and good order of the property, facilities and equipment in it.
If any contravention(s) to the regulations are identified in the property, you will be provided with a schedule of works detailing the regulation, the contravention and the work needed to remedy it within a set timescale. If it is not completed, you risk prosecution by the council. If you’re found guilty of an offence, you will be liable to a fine.
For more information, contact our Housing Enforcement team on 020 8379 1000 or visit:
The landlord must:
For more information, view our rubbish and recycling page.
Mandatory HMO licensing is restricted to properties that have:
The following changes are being proposed under new plans:
If a landlord or agent fails to obtain a licence they could be liable to pay a potentially unlimited fine.
In 2016, a consultation paper of the proposal was released to gather views on the changes and ensure the legislation is clear when applied.
The changes will be implemented in late 2018. We will update our website as information becomes available.