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Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL)

In Enfield, the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) is split into two types.

Enfield CIL

Each year, we collect receipts from residential and other types of development to help fund infrastructure (although there are some exceptions, such as schools, health facilities and self-build housing). The way this is broken down is shown in the table below.

Type Percentage of total receipts Commentary
Strategic
80%
Receipts can only be spent on capital projects to fund a wide range of infrastructure projects.
Neighbourhood
15% (or up to 25% in a neighbourhood planning area)
Receipts can be spent on both capital projects and revenue projects, such as the maintenance of infrastructure. However, it does not have to be spent in the same area as the development.
Administration 
5%
This covers administrative expenses (for example, staff costs).

Mayoral CIL

We also collect receipts on behalf of the Mayor of London. Funds raised through the levy are used to help pay towards Crossrail 2.

How much the CIL costs

The Mayoral CIL is charged at £60 per square metre across the borough.

The Enfield CIL is added to the Mayoral CIL. The Enfield CIL is composed of different rates, set according to the type of use and location of certain developments.

The Enfield CIL Charging Schedule (PDF) sets out the rates to calculate costs.

The levy amount charged is based on the total internal floorspace (gross) of the proposed development.

Rates are index-linked to track inflation costs and reflect changes in the cost of delivering infrastructure. This ensures the rate is responsive to market conditions.

A map showing the charging zones across the borough, relating to residential development, can be viewed in the Residential CIL Charging Zones Map (PDF).

Planning applications require the payment of CIL where it involves new build floor area, and or new residential units within the charging zones.

How CIL is calculated

You can use the CIL calculator to help establish potential CIL charges.

Liability for CIL charges

When planning permission is granted for a CIL-liable development, we will issue a CIL liability notice alongside the planning decision notice. The CIL liability notice will tell you the amount of CIL you need to pay before you start development. If you don’t need planning permission and you start development (under general consent or prior approval), you may still need to pay CIL if:

  • the development comprises 100 square metres or more of new floor space, or
  • the development comprises one or more new dwellings

If your proposal meets any of the requirements for the payment of CIL, then you will need to complete the additional information form on the Planning Portal.

Where CIL charges don’t apply

A CIL charge will not apply in the following circumstances:

  • development of less than 100 square metres (unless a whole dwelling)
  • houses, flats, residential annexes and residential extensions built by 'self-builders' (subject to meeting the relief criteria and submission of a valid claim form prior to commencement)
  • social housing (subject to meeting the relief criteria and submission of a valid claim form prior to commencement)
  • charitable development (subject to meeting the relief criteria and submission of a valid claim prior to commencement)
  • vacant buildings brought back into the same use
  • change of use, conversion and sub-division, where the building has been in continuous lawful use for six months within the three-year period prior to planning permission, and does not create any new floor space
  • structures, such as pylons and wind turbines
  • new buildings granted planning permission before April 2013, by way of a general consent
  • buildings, such as electricity sub stations, that people only use for maintenance purposes
  • mezzanine floors inserted into an existing building (unless they form part of a wider planning permission that seeks to provide other works as well)

Before you begin development

Before development starts, the person paying the CIL needs to submit a commencement notice and an assumption of liability notice to cil@enfield.gov.uk. If we don’t receive these, the charge automatically defaults to the owners of the land. A surcharge may apply to each person(s) liable to pay the levy if development starts before liability is assumed.

On receipt of the commencement notice, we will issue a demand notice seeking payment.

Instalment policy

The Enfield CIL instalment policy (PDF) applies to larger developments and explains when CIL payments will need to be paid across the timeframe of a development. As set out in the revised policy (PDF), the threshold that developers pay towards CIL can be split into two instalments from £500,001 to £100,001.

For more information about CIL, please read the guidance on Planning Portal. More information can also be found on the Planning Advisory Service.

Appeals

You can make appeals against all aspects of the Community Infrastructure Levy, including the chargeable amount and the imposition of surcharges.

Advice on how to appeal and all the relevant forms can be found on the Planning Portal.

CIL spending is decided on an annual basis. Spending is allocated to support infrastructure projects that are in line with the priorities set out the capital programme (taking account of the specific and cumulative needs arising from development). For example, over £156 million of funding has been secured from the government’s Housing Infrastructure Fund to undertake further essential infrastructure works at Meridian Water. This includes the construction of a new central spine road and associated bridges to improve east-west connectivity across the site and beyond. The project requires match funding to secure its early delivery as part of phase 2 of the development. CIL will support this.

CIL receipts will also be made available through the capital programme to spend, in whole or in part, on the following items of infrastructure:

  • public realm improvements within estate regeneration schemes and town centres
  • sustainable transport (healthy streets and liveable communities)
  • open spaces (cemeteries and burial space)

CIL can now be used to fund a wider range of projects (rather than specific items) and can be pooled together alongside Section 106 agreements to fund the same project or item of infrastructure.

The Infrastructure Funding Statement (PDF) sets out how much CIL has been collected over the past year and how it will be prioritised over the next reporting period. This statement replaces the Regulation 123 List.

For a more detailed breakdown of CIL receipts and expenditure, please read the CIL Income and Expenditure Report (PDF).